Superduplex stainless steels have been used in seawater systems since 1986 as castings and since 1990 as wrought product. The present paper describes some of the service environments commonly in use and the conditions that give rise to specific operating potentials. The limits of use under these conditions are described utilizing both laboratory and service experience.
Galvele introduced a new framework for localized corrosion with his seminal paper on acidification and chloride accumulation in pits & the need for a critical product of current density & pit depth to sustain this chemistry. This paper is to review the progress in these areas with a particular focus on repassivation potential.
In this research, the focus was corrosion behavior of two stainless steels (UNS S30400 and UNS S31600) and a carbon steel (UNS G10180). These were tested at 700°C in a molten NaCl-KCl-MgCl₂ eutectic salt in static air and flowing argon. Electrochemical techniques were used to characterize the corrosion behavior.m
Establishes material requirements for resistance to SSC in sour petroleum refining and related processing environments containing H2S either as a gas or dissolved in an aqueous (liquid water) phase with or without the presence of hydrocarbon. This International Standard does not include and is not intended to include design specifications. Other forms of wet H2S cracking, environmental cracking, corrosion, and other modes of failure are outside the scope of this International Standard. It is intended to be used by refiners, equipment manufacturers, engineering contractors, and construction contractors.
Specifically, this International Standard is directed at the prevention of SSC of equipment (including pressure vessels, heat exchangers, piping, valve bodies, and pump and compressor cases) and components used in the refining industry. Prevention of SSC in carbon steel categorized under P-No. 1 in Section IX of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC) is addressed by requiring compliance with NACE SP0472.
This international standard applies to all components of equipment exposed to sour refinery environments (see Clause 6) where failure by SSC would (1) compromise the integrity of the pressure-containment system, (2) prevent the basic function of the equipment, and/or (3) prevent the equipment from being restored to an operating condition while continuing to contain pressure.
HISTORICAL DOCUMENT. Material requirements for resistance to sulfide stress cracking (SSC) in sour refinery process environments (i.e., environments that contain wet hydrogen sulfide [H2S]). AKA "wet H2S cracking".
CORRECTION OF PUBLICATION:
In January 2016, NACE published an incorrect version of ANSI/NACE MR0103/ISO 17945:2015 (Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries — Metallic materials resistant to sulfide stress cracking in corrosive petroleum refining environments). That document was incorrectly titled ANSI/NACE MR0103/ISO 17495:2016. The erroneous standard was retracted at the time and the NACE Store has the corrected version. NOTE: The contents of both versions of the standard are identical. The only discrepancies are in the title.
Note: This document was originally published with errors in Table A.16, page 3-32. These identified errors are corrected. Errata sheet is included.
NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 gives requirements and recommendations for the selection and qualification of carbon and low-alloy steels, corrosion-resistant alloys, and other alloys for service in equipment used in oil and natural gas production and natural gas treatment plants in H2S-containing environments, whose failure could pose a risk to the health and safety of the public and personnel or to the equipment itself.
HISTORICAL DOCUMENT. This NACE Standard establishes material requirements for resistance to sulfide stress cracking (SSC) in sour refinery process environments, i.e., environments that contain wet hydrogen sulfide (H2S). It is intended to be used by refineries, equipment manufacturers, engineering contractors, and construction contractors.