This standard is intended for use by corrosion control personnel, design engineers, project managers, purchasers, and construction engineers, and managers. It is applicable to underground steel pipelines in the oil and gas gathering, distribution, and transmission industries.
This standard describes methods for qualifying and controlling the quality of fusion-bonded epoxy (FBE) pipe coatings, urethane coatings, epoxy-urethanes, shrink sleeves (special applications), two-part liquid epoxies, and other properly qualified coatings (as long as the proper parameters are met in accordance with this document, e.g., polyolefin, three-layer coatings), provides guidelines for the proper application, and identifies inspection and repair techniques to achieve the best application of plant- and field-applied coating systems.
The corrosion profession, and the certified professionals who work in the industry, are committed to protecting people, assets and the environment from the effects of corrosion. Those tasked with delivering the technical expertise to society must conduct their work with the knowledge and understanding of the ethical principles expected and required of those professionals.
The NACE International Code of Ethics is discussed in conjunction with case studies and features real-life ethical violations of the NACE International Institute attestations. Frameworks for making ethical decisions are reviewed in this course along with the factors in the corrosion industry that can lead to unethical behavior.
The course is an online, self-paced course in Spanish which should take no longer than 1.5 to 2 hours to complete.
Section 1 | Introduction
Section 2 | Professional Ethics
Section 3 | Factors that Lead to Unethical Decision Making
Section 4 | Types of Unethical Behavior
Section 5 | A Framework for Ethical Decision Making
The lengthy laterals of horizontal wells often pose microbiological challenges, as they provide more area to become microbially contaminated and require larger volumes of fluid and biocide for treatment. A Permian Basin oilfield has been experiencing MIC-related failures in its horizontal wells, which is of concern due to the associated high workover cost.
Laboratory biocide challenge testing identified several common oilfield chemistries and combinations thereof as being effective against this field’s population of microbes. However, aggressive applications of these products in the field neither delivered an effective microbial kill nor prevented the treated wells from experiencing further MIC and failures.
An acrolein field trial was conducted on a set of problematic, microbially contaminated horizontal wells over a time period of approximately one year. During this timeframe, these wells experienced microbial control for the first time, defined as meeting and maintaining microbial KPIs. Additional benefits were realized as a result of acrolein, including a dramatic improvement in water quality evident as a decrease in iron sulfide and suspended solids, a clean-out of the wells inferred by an initial increase of solids post-acrolein, a decrease in the corrosion rate as indicated by a significant reduction in iron and manganese counts, a decrease in the well failure rate, an increase in production, and an overall cost savings associated with the application of acrolein.