The purpose of this document is to provide guidance on materials selection and corrosion control for engineers in the design and identification of operating limits for projects that involve CO2 transport and injection. It should be used as a guide to help identify specific requirements which can be tailored for each project rather than as definitive requirements used straight from the document. References are also made to other relevant documents and standards. The guidance provided for an initial design should help the engineer focus on the most critical issues related to CO2 transport and injection. It is a rapidly growing subject area and much exploratory technical work is still being executed, and as such this document should be seen as a starting point with future updates and new insights to be expected.
This guide discusses the rationale and method for improving the statistical quality of coating dry film thickness (DFT) data on ferrous and non-ferrous metal substrates by collecting a larger, more representative data set on various geometries of coated metal surfaces. The data points are collected using traditional Type 2 (electronic) coating thickness gages programmed with continuous read/scanning capability and specialty probes or probe covers, if required by the instrument manufacturer. The guide provides supplementary information to the procedure for obtaining measurements contained in Appendix 10 of the 2022 revision of SSPC-PA 2, “Procedure for Determining Conformance to Dry Coating Thickness Requirements.”
This standard describes a method for evaluating the general qualifications of firms seeking accreditation under standards for contractor accreditation (hereafter “Qualification Program [QP] standards”).
This is not a standalone standard, as it is intended to be used in conjunction with other standards that incorporate it by reference. The purpose of this standard is to determine whether a contractor:
Keywords: coating contractor qualification procedure, accreditation of coating contractors, QP, field coating work, qualification procedure base, QP Base.
The original Def Stan was adopted as an AMPP standard under the provisions of the AMPP Standards Committees Operating Manual Procedures for Conversion of Government Agency Standards.
This standard is a guide to corrosion protection against atmospheric corrosion and covers all aspects from the basic mechanisms of aqueous corrosion, though a summary of the differing types to a detailed review of aspects of atmospheric corrosion. It concludes with a detailed survey of the methods of control against corrosion and a focused description of the particular methods of corrosion protection for different metals and alloys.
This standard is intended for use by corrosion control personnel, design engineers, project managers, purchasers, and construction engineers, and managers. It is applicable to underground steel pipelines in the oil and gas gathering, distribution, and transmission industries.
This standard describes methods for qualifying and controlling the quality of fusion-bonded epoxy (FBE) pipe coatings, urethane coatings, epoxy-urethanes, shrink sleeves (special applications), two-part liquid epoxies, and other properly qualified coatings (as long as the proper parameters are met in accordance with this document, e.g., polyolefin, three-layer coatings), provides guidelines for the proper application, and identifies inspection and repair techniques to achieve the best application of plant- and field-applied coating systems.
This document discusses the issues to be taken into consideration with respect to accounting for corrosion on steel piles in non-marine applications. The rate of corrosion, design life and methods of corrosion control are discussed in a manner to provide the reader with guidance as to how to proceed with determining these factors. This standard is applicable to pipe piles, sheet piles, H piles, and other steel piles.
Sustaining long-term leak-free operation of aboveground storage tank (AST) bottoms is an extremely important goal of all AST owners and operators. Mitigation of corrosion on the external side of on-grade carbon steel tank bottoms is a principal element necessary to achieve this goal.
This standard provides a comprehensive compilation of corrosion mitigation considerations, practices, and procedures for AST bottoms. It is applicable from tank construction through long-term integrity management and maintenance processes. It presents supplements and alternatives to cathodic protection (CP). A broad section on vapor corrosion inhibitor (VCI) practices and procedures for mitigation of external tank bottom corrosion is included.
This standard practice describes overcoating of the exteriors of railcars. The purpose of this standard practice is to provide methods for testing and application of overcoating materials for the benefit of railcar owners, lessees, and maintenance providers who are charged with developing and executing programs for the maintenance painting of railcars.
This standard is for use by those responsible for the management of marine structures. They will be able to use it to establish the minimum requirements of the Site-Applied Wrap Corrosion Protection Systems they are considering for the protection of the submerged zone and splash zone of shore based marine metallic structures, either at the pointof new construction or during refurbishment or maintenance of existing structures. This standard is not intended to provide the minimum requirements for offshore oil and gas platforms and other similar structures of the offshore oil and gas industry. This standard may be used to provide the minimum requirements for estuarine, paludal, riverine, great lake structures or similar. The Site-Applied Wrap Corrosion Protection Systems in accordance with this standard are considered suitable for further protection by means of cathodic protection.
This AMPP standard practice presents guidelines and minimum requirements for citric acid based passivation of marine storage tanks to identify good cleaning practices and improve corrosion resistance. This standard is intended for use by shipboard personnel, ship owning organizations, commodity owners, tank readiness surveyors, chemical producing organizations, ship surveyors and other stake holders.
This document is intended to guide shipowners/operators in the planning and execution of hull preservation of their vessels while in dry-dock. The standard is not exhaustive as there are so many variables, including type of vessel, condition, expected trading pattern, location of dry-dock, and shipyard capability. This standard is not designed to be a job specification for hull preservation, but rather as an adjunct to a shipowner’s specification.
Biofouling accumulation on a ship’s hull has a direct impact on fuel consumption and associated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and may pose a biosecurity risk due to the presence of non-indigenous, potentially invasive aquatic species.
The antifouling system (AFS) is designed to protect the underwater surfaces from biofouling accumulation. Underwater inspections (UWI) of ships are typically carried out to monitor and verify the condition of the underwater hull and the AFS.
Recipients of UWI reports are reliant on the quality of information provided to make adequate decisions relating to hull performance, AFS condition and performance, biofouling management and associated risk assessments. Consistent and good quality reporting is key to effective underwater hull condition record-keeping and management.