It is fair to say that maintenance in the worldwide oil and gas industry has changed dramatically over the past ten years. Facility owners are more than ever looking to reduce shutdown times, to improve plant efficiency and to extend plant lifetimes. With this comes the increased industry understanding about corrosion under insulation (CUI) with its deleterious impact and the ongoing desire for pragmatic high performance and cost-effective coating solutions.
A recent review provided an overview of current microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) research. It established that despite extensive study and numerous publications, fundamental questions relating to MIC remain unanswered and stress the lack of information associated with MIC recognition, prediction, and mitigation (Little et al., 2020). On the other hand, bibliometric analysis on the MIC of engineering systems conducted a knowledge gap analysis to focus research efforts and to develop a roadmap for MIC research (Hashemi et al., 2018).
This standard is intended for use by corrosion control personnel, design engineers, project managers, purchasers, and construction engineers, and managers. It is applicable to underground steel pipelines in the oil and gas gathering, distribution, and transmission industries.
This standard describes methods for qualifying and controlling the quality of fusion-bonded epoxy (FBE) pipe coatings, urethane coatings, epoxy-urethanes, shrink sleeves (special applications), two-part liquid epoxies, and other properly qualified coatings (as long as the proper parameters are met in accordance with this document, e.g., polyolefin, three-layer coatings), provides guidelines for the proper application, and identifies inspection and repair techniques to achieve the best application of plant- and field-applied coating systems.
This standard is based upon the technical requirements for coating repair developed by the National Marine Ship Standardization Technical Committee Ship Repair Branch Technical Committee in China, but may be applicable for use globally provided it meets the field requirements of marine maintenance and fulfills the environmental protection requirements of the appropriate governing body.
This standard provides a method for collecting reproducible potentiodynamic data, enabling the comparison of data across various experiments and laboratories. This method is intended for those with experience in potentiodynamic data collection across all of industry and academia. This method has been adapted from Appendix B of MIL-STD-889. Users interested in submitting data for acceptance into MIL-STD-889 shall refer to the latest version of MIL-STD-889
Offshore coating systems have evolved over the past 50 years to allow for restrictions in raw material use and solvent emissions. This has meant that many tried and tested systems can no longer be used. This paper describes the industry in terms of attempts to generate suitable prequalification testing scenarios which will prevent premature failures of untried new systems
NACE MR0175/ISO 15156 gives requirements and recommendations for the selection and qualification of carbon and low-alloy steels, corrosion-resistant alloys, and other alloys for service in equipment used in oil and natural gas production and natural gas treatment plants in H2S-containing environments, whose failure could pose a risk to the health and safety of the public and personnel or to the equipment itself.