The coatings landscape is changing dramatically with more stringent VOC laws and extractables standards for drinking water, the products owners can rely on for lining their storage vessels is shifting. The author will discuss the advantages of using high film build, edge retentive 100% solids epoxy technology for steel potable water storage tanks.
Potential attenuation equation for pipelines and risers with multiple, equally spaced, identical superimposed spherical (bracelet) galvanic anodes that incorporates all relevant resistance terms (anode, coating, polarization, and metallic return path) has been modified for situations where anodes are displaced.
Multi-layer polypropylene (MLPP) insulation coating is used for thermal insulation of subsea pipelines. However in recent years - with higher wellhead operating temperatures - high temperature (HT) Fusion Bonded Epoxies have been used. This paper describes the author's experience with the MLPP systems over the last 20 years.
The monitoring program used in the Danish Sector of the North Sea to manage microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) risk assessment for seven pipelines. Quantitative data on microbial activity was obtained from pigging debris using real-time polymerase chain reaction of MIC-causing microorganisms.
Subsea flowlines and risers experience fatigue cycles due to thermal and/or pressure transients or vortex induced vibration (VIV). Tests were performed under constant stress intensity factor (K) levels, in a mildly sour environment and in seawater under cathodic protection to understand the difference in the CRG.