Electrochemical behavior of API X-80 steel materials in 3.5% wt. of NaCl solution containing different concentrations of H2S at different temperatures was studied. Potendiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to characterize the corroded API X-80 steel surface.
Recycled water quality must be evaluated to determine its potential impact on the equipment the cooling water contacts. This paper identifies the impact of various recycled water ingredients that could either be harmful or beneficial to the equipment the cooling water contacts. Case histories. Guidelines.