In seawater, higher strength nickel-copper alloys are used as alternatives to copper alloys. These can be susceptible to chloride stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement in conditions where cathodic protection is utilized. Copper-Nickel-Tin alloys (CuNiSn) show low corrosion rates in the free and coupled conditions. Resistance to hydrogen embrittlement is demonstrated.
Since 1982, there has been a move to Thermal Sprayed Aluminum (TSA) coating in the “splash zone” of offshore structures. Our experience indicates that an experience applicator, good surface preparation and quality of wire combined to achieve required thickness and apply the sealer to seal the entire surface.