An effective barrier coating aims to minimize exposed surface area. A sacrificial layer requires a large exposed surface.to maintain long term protection of the substrate. This work is to investigate this synergy in order to elucidate the factors that have the greatest influence over the corrosion protection properties and failure modes of TSN.
Geothermal Energy is currently engineered as an “always on” baseload supply, due to the limited flexibility to throttle the well without scaling and fatigue issues, and it is engineered for maximal efficiency at this output level. Scaling is a major problem in geothermal plants, particularly in cases where the geothermal fluid composition and plant operation make it difficult to control scaling. In such areas, particularly where scale inhibitors cannot be employed, the formation of scales can make the process less efficient and in extreme cases can lead to unexpected shutdown.
Corrosion protection of infrastructure and assets is an area of increasing focus due to increasing financial and safety concerns. On a global scale, corrosion has an annual cost of $2.5 trillion (USD).1 To combat the deleterious effects of this natural phenomenon, specifiers and owners have many choices in terms of materials and protective coatings. Consideration of both initial and life cycle costs has become more important in the age of increased competition and shrinking maintenance budgets.
Metallic coatings as a protective coating are characterized by excellent corrosion protection behavior and show extreme resistance to mechanical loads as well. Pure metallic coatings or duplex systems are already being used successfully in other areas of offshore structures. For example, areas in the tidal water zone, such as boat landings, usually receive a duplex system consisting of thermal spayed coating and a fitting topcoat. Add-on parts are often protected exclusively by a metallic zinc coating. A thermal spray coating in the submerged zone thus represents a logical alternative to the organic topcoat system.
HISTORICAL DOCUMENT. This technical committee report describes the major thermal spray coatings used in the oil and gas production industry. These coatings include a variety of metallic, ceramic, and cermet materials applied as relatively thin overlays on metallic substrates (components). No attempt is made to be all-inclusive in the coverage of process variants.