Thermodynamic scale prediction and laboratorial kinetic study are two of the major scale risk assessment methods applied in the oil and gas industry.
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To address the need to predict scaling at conditions ranging from ambient to extreme, a thermodynamic model has been developed to represent the solubility of scaling minerals at temperatures up to 300 °C and pressures up to 1,700 atmospheres.
A collection of technical articles and conference papers on carbon dioxide corrosion mechanisms. This Volume 1 focuses on thermodynamics and kinetics of the corrosion process & iron carbonate scale formation. 2017 NACE
Second of two volume set on carbon dioxide corrosion mechanism. Collection of technical articles & conference papers over the past 30 years. Metallurgical and microstructural aspects of steel play a role in this corrosion mechanism. 2017 NACE