Products tagged with 'sweet corrosion'

View as
Sort by
Display per page
Picture for Influence of High CO2 Partial Pressure on Top-of-the-Line Corrosion
Available for download

Influence of High CO2 Partial Pressure on Top-of-the-Line Corrosion

Product Number: 51324-21220-SG
Author: Maryam Eslami; Bernardo Augusto Farah Santos; David Young; Sondre Gjertsen; Marc Singer
Publication Date: 2024
Top-of-the-line corrosion (TLC) is an important type of material degradation that occurs due to the heat exchange between the pipeline and its surroundings, which results in water condensation on the internal surface of the pipe. This type of corrosion is specific to wet gas pipelines with stratified flow regimes. In this research, the effect of high CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) on TLC rate and mechanism was studied. The experiments were conducted in a high-pressure TLC autoclave with pCO2 ranging from 20 to 100 bar, solution temperatures of 30 and 50 °C, and different water condensation conditions (0.001-0.1 ml/m2.s). The experimental conditions covered environments where CO2 was either gaseous or supercritical. The results revealed that uniform and localized TLC rates increase with water condensation rate and solution temperature. However, as long as CO2 remained gaseous, pCO2 showed a negligible influence on both uniform and localized TLC rates. At a high CO2 content, the formation of a protective FeCO3 layer decreased the TLC rate, especially at lower water condensation rates. Nevertheless, the risk of localized corrosion at high and medium water condensation rates remained an issue. In the supercritical CO2 environment (pCO2 of 100 bar and solution temperature of 50 °C), the difference in temperature between the CO2 dense phase and the specimens caused water drop out and corrosion. In this environment, the high pCO2 and low pH of the dropped-out water led to high uniform and localized corrosion rates. However, under this condition, the difference in corrosion rates of specimens with different cooling rates was negligible due to their similar surface temperature.