Stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of carbon steel in fuel ethanol service has been observed in an increasing number of failures in the last few years. In the presence of oxygen, all of the samples evaluated in this study produced varying degrees of SCC, except for one of the producer ethanol samples. The reason for the high corrosion potential in this sample is still unknown and more detailed analysis of the sample chemical make-up is needed.
Recently Crack Growth Rate and Threshold Stress Intentisity Factor analyses of data from Slow Strain Rate tests have been used for Stress COrrosion Cracking evaluation. This methodology has been discussed in detail based on different analytical techniques and the results from laboratory tests have also been presented.
The storage and transportation of biofuels continue to be of interest. Material compatibility issues arise. For alcohol fuels, stress corrosion cracking of steels, and swelling and leaching of various polymeric materials. This paper will provide an overview of research that has been conducted in alcohol fuels.