If the iron concentration in an alkaline chelant boiler cleaning solution reaches a high value when dissolving magnetite, it sometimes continues to increase rapidly and not level, indicating corrosion of the boiler metal. A laboratory study of “runaway iron increases” investigated the cause and the best mitigation methods.
Stress assisted corrosion (SAC) is a major concern for kraft recovery boilers in the pulp and paper industry. A water leak can cause a smelt-water explosion in the boiler. A number of carbon steel tubes showed a deep decarburized layer on the inner surface (water-touched) and also an unusually large grain size at the inner tube surface.